I. Ahmose, Yeni krallık döneminin ilk firavunudur. 18.hanedanı kurarak yeni bir dönem başlatmıştır. I. Ahmose, ülkeyi Hiksoslar’ın istilasından kurtarmıştır. Yaklaşık 500 yıl boyunca süren Yeni Krallık Döneminin 3 hanedanının hüküm sürdüğü bu uzun dönem, “Yeniden Kuruluş”, “Amarna” ve “Ramsesler” olarak üçe ayrılır. I. Ahmosis, Mısır’ın kurtarıcısı olarak görülür.
Sometimes just when things look their worst, someone comes along that can turn things around. Ahmose was such a person. There have been many pharaohs in Egypt’s long history but Ahmose was one of the most important ones. There is much disagreement as to the exact time that Ahmose became the pharaoh of Egypt but most think that is was around 1550 BC. The country was in terrible shape. In the north were the Hyksos who occupied that area and one of them had declared himself the pharaoh of Egypt. In the south the Nubians were becoming a huge threat. Ahmose was the son of Seqenenre Taa I. Seqenenre and his army tried to expel the enemies of Egypt but instead of accomplishing this, they were defeated and most died including Ahmose’s father. In some texts it is said that Seqenenre Taa II was the father of Ahmose.
Kamose was the brother of Ahmose and the pharaoh. One of his men intercepted a message from the Hyksos to the Nubians. It asked for an alliance to trap the Egyptians in the middle. Infuriated Kamose attacked the Hyksos and conquered the first town but died before he could go any further. It was believed that Ahmose was only a boy at the the time. Kamose was the last king of the 17th Dynasty. Ahmose now became pharaoh and it was thought that he was only 10 years old. So here was the problem, Ahmose was now pharaoh but the country was falling apart.
But the days were numbered for the Hyksos. It took ten years, but Ahmose had now grown up and he never forgot what had happened to his father and brother. He attacked the Hyksos and defeated them. The victory was not quick and some sieges are said to have lasted for years. The siege of the Palestinian Fortress of Sharuhen was said to have taken the six years but it was the decisive battle that broke the back of the Hyksos. This had the effect of uniting Egypt. Ahmose was far from finished. He never forgot that the reason his brother had attacked the Hyksos was not only because of their father’s death but also because they were going to join forces with the Nubians to defeat Egypt. He took his army to Nubia and defeated them next. Now he owned the famous Nubian gold mines which increased Egypt’s riches. While in Nubia history states that the Hyksos again tried to rebel, but it is thought that the mother of Ahmose was left in charge and she put down the insurrection. This part of history is a little hazy. I guess this can be expected when we are talking about events that happened over 3,500 years ago. Egypt’s borders had now been stretched deep into Nubia in the south and way beyond the Sinai desert in the north east. The new Egyptian empire was beginning and so was the dawn of Egypt’s golden age.
Ahmose is an Ancient Egyptian name meaning “The Moon is born” or “Child of the Moon”. It was a very popular name in the beginning of the eighteenth dynasty.
This name may refer to;
- Ahmose I, a pharaoh of ancient Egypt and founder of the Eighteenth dynasty
- Amasis (also known as Ahmose II), a pharaoh of the Twenty Sixth dynasty
- Ahmose-Henuttamehu, a queen of the 17th dynasty
- Ahmose Inhapy, a queen of the 17th dynasty
- Ahmose Nefertari, a queen of the 18th dynasty
- Ahmose Meritamon, a queen of the 18th dynasty
- Ahmose-Sitkamose, a queen of the 17th dynasty
- Queen Ahmose, a queen of the 18th dynasty, mother of Pharaoh Hatshepsut
- Ahmose, a son of Tao II the Brave; possibly identical with Pharaoh Ahmose I, though his only known statue (today in the Louvre) seems to be a funerary statue
- Ahmose (18th dynasty), a prince of the 18th dynasty
- Ahmose (princess), a princess of the 17th dynasty
- Ahmose-ankh, son of Ahmose I and Ahmose-Nefertari; shown on a Karnak stela with his parents (now in the Luxor Museum)
- Ahmose-Henutemipet, a princess of the 17th dynasty
- Ahmose-Meritamon (17th dynasty), a princess of the 17th dynasty
- Ahmose-Nebetta, a princess of the 17th dynasty, probably a daughter of Tao II the Brave
- Ahmose-Sipair, a prince of the 18th dynasty
- Ahmose-Sitamun, a princess of the 18th dynasty
- Ahmose-Tumerisy, a princess of the 17th dynasty
- Ahmose (26th dynasty), prince and general (26th dynasty)
Ahmose, also known as Ahmes, a scribe of the Second Intermediate Period who copied the Rhind Mathematical Papyrus.
* Ahmose, son of Ebana, an admiral who served in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth dynasties
* Ahmose Pen-Nekhebet, official who served under Ahmose I and his successors